WORLD BOSAI FORUM

World Bosai Survey 2017

On the occasion of the "World Bosai Forum / International Disaster Risk Conference 2017 in Sendai" held from November 25 to 28, 2017, "World Bosai Survey 2017" was conducted by the forum secretariat. The preliminary report was published during the forum, and the final results have been just finalized

Index

1.Abstract of the survey

  • *Subject and method of the survey: questionnaire survey to the preregistrants or the guests of the World Bosai Forum/International Disaster Risk Conference 2017 in Sendai (response through the forum web site).
  • *Implementation period: Mainly during the period when the forum was held (November 25-28, 2017), and from November 21, 2017 to January 6, 2018 (the number of responses until the last day of the forum was 97.4% of the total)
  • *The number of responses: 191 people (it’s equivalent to approximately 20% of estimated 900 forum guests)

2.Attribute of respondent

  • Country (by country of residence)
  • Country (by country of origin)
  • Organization
  • Age
  • Gender

3. Point of survey results 1

◆Possibility to increase the new visitors to the International Bosai and Reconstruction Forum here (in Sendai, Miyagi)

  • 32% of the respondents were the first visitors to Sendai, and 71% of the respondents did not visit the third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (in 2015; in Sendai). Then it suggested the possibility to increase the new visitors to the International Bosai and Reconstruction Forum in Sendai, Miyagi.
  • Frequency of visit to Sendai
  • Visit to the United Nations World Conference
    on Disaster Risk Reduction (in 2015; in Sendai)

1Comparison between Japan and the foreign countries is based on the country of residence. Also, comments are made by arbitrarily extracting the responses that there are characteristics in them.

◆The past disaster experiences and the challenge of actions taken

Question.Which of the following natural hazards have you experienced in your country of residence? (Multiple choice)

  • The past disaster experiences were, in descending order, Earthquake, Tropical Cyclone (e.g. Typhoon, Hurricane, and Cyclone) and Flood in the total, however Earthquake and Typhoon in Japan and Flood in the foreign countries were characteristically high in number, respectively.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

Question.Which of the following natural hazards caused the most severe loss and damage in your country of residence? (Multiple choice)

  • As for the natural hazards caused the most severe loss and damage in the past, the top response was Earthquake followed by Tsunami in the total, while the result was similar in Japan, the responses that said Flood were overwhelming abundance in the foreign countries.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

[Regarding the actions taken at the time of such a disaster]

Question.Which of the following activities were most challenging during the pre-disaster phase? (Multiple choice)

  • For the problems of activities during the pre-disaster phase, "Education and Training" was the most common response in the total, and it was characteristically high in number in Japan.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

By age groups2

  • As for the problems of activities during the pre-disaster phase, "Education and Training" was the most common response in each age group, and the result indicated that it was the common recognition through generations.
  • 20s
  • 30s
  • 40s
  • 50s
  • 60s

2For comparison by age groups, few respondents who were less than 20 years old and 70 years old and over were excluded for comparative analysis.

Question.Which of the following emergency response activities were most challenging? (Multiple choice)

  • For the problems of response activities at the time of disaster, "Evacuation Order and Guidance" and "Communication" were pointed out a lot in the total, and "Operation of Evacuation Center" and "Life Supporting Materials (e.g. Food, Water, Medicine, etc.)" was ranked higher in the female groupsup3 than in the male group.
  • Total
  • Male
  • Female

3In response comparison by gender, few respondents who said "Others/No comment" are excluded for comparative analysis.

Question.Which of the following activities were most challenging in recovery and reconstruction phase? (Multiple choice)

  • "Quick Recovery of Infrastructure" and "Housing" were pointed out a lot.

◆About Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Question.Are you aware of "the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction"/"the Four Priorities for Action and the Seven Global Targets"?

  • For the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, approximately 70% of the total knew its name and contents (the Four Priorities for Action and the Seven Global Targets) to some extent or more, however the tendency was seen that the name was known more in Japan whereas the tendency was seen that the contents was known more in the foreign countries. It is suggested that the name of said framework ("Sendai") is possibly not tied to the contents of new International Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction well in the foreign countries.
  • Note that, as for the foreign respondents, the sum of University/Research Institute, National/Local Government and International Organization occupied 81% of the total while the citizen was 1%, and the ratio of experts was higher compared to the Japanese respondents (62%, 7% each), as a result, the recognition degree might also be high.

the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

Priorities for Action and Targets

  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction / By sectors4

  • Both the name and the contents of framework were high recognition degree, in descending order, in the academic organization, the public sector and the private sector.
  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

4"Academic" is the total of University/Research Institute, "Public sector" is the total of International Organization, National Government, Local Government and Public Organization, and "Private sector" is the total of companies, organizations and media, respectively. For each sector comparison, the three sectors with a large number of respondents were compiled and analyzed.

Priorities for Action and Targets / By sectors4

  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

[Regarding "Build Back Better"]

Question.Which of the following actions do you think is important for Build-Back-Better? (Multiple choice)

  • For particularly important actions for Build-Back-Better, "Enrichment of Education and Training" was the top in the total, followed by "Awareness Raising of Build-Back-Better" while "Reflection of Various Viewpoints of Women and the Youth" and "Securing Human Resources for Reconstruction" were characteristically chosen a lot in Japan.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries
  • Female
  • "Improvement of Relevant Laws, Regulations and Standards" was the most frequent response in the foreign countries while "Reflection of Various Viewpoints of Women and the Youth" and "Securing Human Resources for Reconstruction" which were the common responses in Japan were low-ranking and the contrastive results were obtained. Note that "Reflection of Various Viewpoints of Women and the Youth" comes second among whole females.

By sectors

  • "Enrichment of Education and Training" is the top in the academic and the private sector, however "Improvement of Relevant Laws, Regulations and Standards" is the top only in the public sector.
  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

Question.Which of the following issues do you think is important for Build-Back-Better? (Multiple choice)

  • Particularly important issues were, in descending order, "Securing Financial Resources" and "Awareness Raising of Build-Back-Better" in the total. They were, in descending order, "Securing Financial Resources" and "Shortage of Human Resources for Reconstruction" in Japan, and "Improvement of Relevant Laws, Regulations and Standards" and "Awareness Raising of Build-Back-Better" in the foreign countries, respectively. "Shortage of Human Resources for Reconstruction" which is the second place in Japan is lower in the foreign countries.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

By sectors

  • "Awareness Raising of Build-Back-Better" in the academic and "Securing Financial Resources" in the private sector were the most common responses, respectively, however in the public sector, "Improvement of Relevant Laws, Regulations and Standards" was the top here as well. Moreover, it is the different feature from other sectors that "Improvement of Priority of Prior Investment in Disaster Risk Reduction" becomes the high rank (the third place) in the private sector.
  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

[Regarding the Roles of Stakeholders - especially among private sectors -]

Question.Which of the following activities do you think are making progress? (Multiple choice)

  • "Awareness Raising and Disaster Drill" and "Enrichment of Prevention and Mitigation Plan (including Business Continuity Plan (BCP))" were chosen a lot as the activities making progress in the private sector, and the result was almost the same in Japan.
  • Meanwhile, it is characteristic in the foreign countries that "Investment in Disaster Risk Reduction" and "Focusing on disaster risk reduction in the management strategy (=to mainstream disaster risk reduction)" are in the high ranks.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

By sectors

  • Looking at the high ranks of the number of responses by sectors, "Investment in Disaster Risk Reduction" (the third place) in the academic and "Focusing on disaster risk reduction in the management strategy (=to mainstream disaster risk reduction)" (the second place) in the public sector are characteristically high ranks compared to the overall trend.
  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

Question.Which activity do you think should be given priority? (Multiple choice)

  • For the activity that the private sector should give priority, "Strengthening Cooperation with National and Local Governments" and "Investment in Disaster Risk Reduction" are the most common responses in the total, and the former is the top in Japan and the latter is the top in the foreign countries.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

By sectors

  • "Contribution to Disaster Risk Reduction through Business Activities" is the most common response in the private sector while it is characteristic that that response is lower in other sectors.
  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

◆Disaster Trend in Thirty Years...Disaster Trend in 100 Years from Now

Question.Which of the following natural hazards do you think are at higher risks in your country of residence? (Multiple choice)

  • Disaster Trend in Thirty Years were, in descending order, Earthquake, Flood, Tropical Cyclone (e.g. Typhoon, Hurricane, and Cyclone) and Tsunami in the total. In Japan, Earthquake was the first place remarkably and Tsunami was the second, then Flood was the first place and Earthquake came the second in the foreign countries. This suggests the correlation with "natural hazards experienced in the past" to some extent, however Tsunami which is the second place in "natural hazards caused the most severe loss and damage" comes higher rank than "natural hazards experienced in the past" (the fourth place), therefore the strength of impression of the damage might influence their responses in Japan.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

Question.Which of the following natural hazards do you think have higher socio-economic impacts in your country of residence? (Multiple choice)

  • The result was, in descending order, Earthquake, Tsunami, Flood and Tropical Cyclone (e.g. Typhoon, Hurricane, and Cyclone) in the total. It was, in descending order, Earthquake, Tsunami and Tropical Cyclone (e.g. Typhoon, Hurricane, and Cyclone) in Japan, and it was, in descending order, Flood, Earthquake and Drought in the foreign countries, and then there are the differences in ranking and contents.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

Question.Which of the following natural hazards do you think will be at higher risks in your country of residence 100 years later5?

  • For the natural hazards that would be at higher risks 100 years later, the top three items in the total response were the same as the natural hazards predicted in 30 years, however Other Extreme Weather Events (e.g. Heat Wave) and Sea Level Rise were pointed out more than Tsunami. This indicates the association with the climate change, however the number of responses of the residents in the foreign countries and the private sector becomes relatively large. On the other hand, Earthquake is extremely high in number in Japan.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries
  • Private sector

5In the total compilation at the end of document, share comparison by pie chart (%) was conducted, however the real number comparison was conducted by the bar chart for comparison analysis by attribution here.

◆SDGs and "Bosai"

Question.Are you aware of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)/the 17 goals?

  • Regarding SDGs and their 17 goals, around 70% of the total aware more than a certain extent, and there was the similarity with the recognition degree of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. As for the breakdown, the foreign countries (approximately 80%)> Japan (approximately 60%), and the foreign countries were higher in the recognition degree, however the ratio of experts of the foreign respondents was high, as a result, as in the case of the recognition degree of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the recognition degree might also be high.

SDGs

  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

17 goals

  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

SDGs / By age groups

  • According to the result by age groups, the tendency was seen that the recognition degree of 20s-40s was relatively high and approximately 80% of 20s responded that they knew SDGs to some extent or more.
  • 20s
  • 30s
  • 40s
  • 50s
  • 60s

17 goals / By age groups

  • 20s
  • 30s
  • 40s
  • 50s
  • 60s

By sectors

  • According to the result by sectors, the recognition degree of the academic and the public sector was high and that of the private sector was relatively low. To be relatively low for the private sector is the same tendency as in the case of the recognition degree of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

About SDGs

  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

About 17 goals of SDGs

  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

Question.Choose the SDGs' goal(s) below that "BOSAI" activities can contribute to achieve its target. (Multiple choice)

  • For the SDGs' goal(s) that "BOSAI" activities can contribute to achieve its target, "Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation" was extremely high in number, followed by "Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable" and "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts".
  • Note that "Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls" comes in tenth in the total, however it is relatively in the high rank (the fifth) among the female respondents.
  • Total
  • Female

Question.Are you aware of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change?

  • For the Paris Agreement, 77% of the total aware more than a certain extent. Foreign respondents have the higher recognition degree, and it indicates the correlation that they had a strong awareness to the association with the climate change in natural hazards at higher risks 100 years later in the foreign countries. However, as well as the recognition degree of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and SDGs, the ratio of experts of the foreign respondents was high, as a result, the recognition degree and the awareness might also be high.
  • Meanwhile, according to the result by age groups, the recognition degree (ratio of people who know more than a certain degree) in 20s was the lowest and it became contrastive with the recognition degree of SDGs by age groups.
  • Total
  • Japan
  • Foreign countries

By age groups

  • 20s
  • 30s
  • 40s
  • 50s
  • 60s

By sectors

  • According to the result by the sectors, there was no difference of the recognition degree between the private sector and other sectors as much as SDGs.
  • Academic
  • Public sector
  • Private sector

The World Bosai Survey was carried out for the participants of the first World Bosai Forum. It aims to clarify how people in the world who are engaged in disaster risk reduction at different positions of industries, governments, academia and private sectors as well as local citizens view various events related to disaster risk reduction, and find out current problems and issues to be addressed in the future, although such efforts are rare. Secular change and the analysis in the different areas are also interesting. Although there are still few parameters of respondents of the survey, if this is carried out regularly at the place of the World Bosai Forum to be held once every two years, it can be meaningful for disaster risk reduction activities globally, which would be a great pleasure for us.

Responsible Entity: Secretariat of World Bosai Forum/International Disaster Risk Conference 2017 in Sendai Cooperation: Tadao Hasue (secretariat supporter), Takuya Ito (Pacific Consultants Co., LTD.), Kumi Onuma (Deloitte Tohmatsu Financial Advisory LLC), Chibajuu Ltd. ※The contents of this survey do not represent the opinion of the survey cooperator’s affiliation.

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